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Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Côte d’Ivoire
Equatorial Guinea
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone
South Africa
South Sudan

Select Indicators

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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Condom use
New TB infections
New malaria infections
Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over
Health Financing
External health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % GDP
Government health expenditure as % general govt expenditure
Government health expenditure per capita
Out-of-pocket health expenditure as % of current health expenditure
Percentage of national health budget allocated for reproductive health
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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Getting Started

The purpose of this website is to allow you to compare various health indicators and performance across different countries in Africa. All 55 countries are represented and we concentrate mostly on Maternal and Child health indicators. The website is presented in English or French – by the En or Fr buttons top right. And by the way, you can get back to this page at any time from the Footer (Getting Started).

Indicators page:

The easiest place to start is on the Indicators page (from the top menu). Here you can see all the indicators on the system.

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Indicator Information page

Hovering your cursor over an indicator name on the Indicator Information page will give you more information about that indicator.

All the data values are taken from officially recognised international sources.

Clicking on the Show Published Dates icon will show you the dates that the data was published by the respective sources.

Then by clicking on Maternal Mortality Ratio, for example, you can see a chart of the latest values for this indicator, with explanations : What does it mean ?, Why does it matter?, How is it collected ?

And there is further technical information if you click on the ‘Find out more…’ button at the bottom of the page.

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Indicator Chart page

The column charts show the latest values for each country. You can see more info by hovering over a column and that will show the tooltip (eg Date of data, actual value etc)

Also you can expand the view by dragging your mouse over a portion of the chart, which will be magnified. Click on ‘reset zoom’ (upper right) to revert back.

Some indicators are better the higher they are ( eg Births attended by skilled personnel) and some are better the lower they are (eg Maternal Mortality Ratio). All column charts are shown with the better values on the left, ie they go better to worse. However you can also change the order of the countries to alphabetical, which is useful for identifying a specific country.

Targets: On the Indicator pages and the Country pages (below) the ‘Show targets’ button allows you to see the target values for these indicators and countries. You cannot see targets in the Select Stats charts because targets are too difficult to visualise when you have many indicators or countries on display at once.

The Print and Download drop-down menus allow you to print or download the chart in a variety of formats (eg image (JPG, PNG, SVG vector), PDF or CSV (the comma separated format for Excel spreadsheets.). For CSV format it is the underlying data which is downloaded, not the chart image.

Countries page:

The next area to look at is the Countries page (from the top menu).

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Clicking on any of the countries from the name or the map gives more detail about the country (eg population) and displays a trend chart showing you how that country’s Maternal Mortality ratio has changed over the years.

Country Information:

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Country Information page

By default, the Maternal Mortality Ratio trend is shown on the country page. But clicking on the ‘More Indicators’ button allows you to choose from a list of the most popular indicators.

You can highlight part of the trend to see more detail by dragging over a portion of the chart. Click on Reset Zoom to revert to the full range.

Clicking on a country on the small map (top right) will take you to the same indicator for that country.

The Show target button, Download and Print drop-down menus operate in the same way as on the Indicator page.

The Indicator and Country pages are good and straightforward for showing simple, single charts and targets. But if you want to compare countries and/or indicators then we move on to the Select Stats section.

Select Stats

Click on Select Stats (either from the top menu or the Select Stats button on any chart page).

The Select Stats panel consists of a black selection overlay, which sits on top of the chart you have created, allowing you to modify your selection time after time.

The overlay allows you to select one or more countries, one or more indicators and a chart format (eg column chart, trend, scatterplot and map).

As a first example, select 6 countries and one indicator of your choice. Check that your selection is as you intend by the ‘Your selection’ section on the right side. You will see that the column chart, trend and map icons are green (active) but the scatter plot is greyed out as scatter plots require 2 indicators,and we have only selected one indicator at present.

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Select Stats Panel

Use the Select All or Clear All buttons (at the top of their respective columns) to ensure you are starting from a known selection, as the lists scroll off the bottom of the page.

To close the overlay you can press the Close icon top right. The system will remember your current selection for the next time you open the selection overlay by clicking on Select Stats (top menu or button upper right).

Owing to the complexity of viewing certain combinations on the screen, some combinations are disallowed, for example more than 10 countries on a trend screen. If you hover over any of the chart formats it tells you about the restrictions.

Create a Column chart by clicking on the Column chart icon. You will see …

Chart 1 exp

Click on ‘Select Stats’ again (top menu middle or upper right button) and the selection overlay will appear and overlay your chart. Your chart is still there as you can see by clicking on Close , top right, to close the overlay. Your last selection (parameters, countries etc) is remembered by the overlay, so you can build up and modify a chart as you wish.

Column charts

The column chart is similar to the chart on the Indicator pages. Although here we do not show target values because of the complexity of doing so for more complex comparative charts.

Restrictions on number of axes.
For column charts and trends we are restricted by the number of different units we can display. We only have 2 ‘y’ axes: left and right, so we cannot show a selection of indicators with more than two different units between them. So you could show many indicators that use, say, percentage units, such as ‘Children immunized against DPT3’ and ‘Births attended by skilled personnel’. As well as some indicators that use, say, ‘per 1000’ as the units (for example Infant Mortality and Neonatal Mortality). But you cannot show on that same chart Maternal Mortality because the units for that are ‘per 100,000’, and you would have 3 different units. So you will see that the Column chart icon is greyed out if you chose that selection of indicators.

There is a zoom option on all charts, just select a a portion of the chart by dragging your mouse. To get back to the original chart, click on the ‘Reset Zoom’ button, upper right.

Now choose another chart format for the same data by going back to Select Stats and choosing Trend.

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This shows you the power of the system to display as much information as possible, but bear in mind the issue of visualisation – you , or you audience need to be able to understand the chart, so keep it as simple as possible.

Trend charts

You can choose one indicator and up to 10 countries on a Trend chart, or one country and as many indicators as you wish, restricted, as explained above, to two different units for the left and right axes.

By the way, clicking the browser back button, or the back arrow on our pages, will take you back to your previous page or chart, as normal, but does not take you to the selection overlay – only Select Stats does that.

There is a zoom option on trend charts, just select a a portion of the chart by dragging your mouse. To get back to the original chart, click on the ‘Reset Zoom’ button, upper right.

Another chart format is Scatter plot.

Scatter Plot


Scatter plots

A scatter plot can be used to show values from two indicators for any number of countries that you wish, although the chart is more meaningful when there are more values included in the chart. You can select a scatter plot from the Select Stats option.

For example, if you select all countries and ‘Maternal Mortality Ratio’ and Stillbirth rate’, you will see a scatter plot with many values that show a general pattern of higher stillbirth rates as maternal mortality ratios increase. You can change switch the axes using the ‘Switch x and y axes’ option to the top left corner of the chart. And there is also an option to show the country names on the chart using the ‘show names’ button.

As with all charts, you can download the data from each chart you create using the options to the top right of the chart by selecting the Download or Print options.

You can also zoom in to a selection of the chart by using your mouse to select the portion of the chart you wish to see in greater detail. You can go back to the original chart by clicking on the ‘Reset Zoom’ button, upper right.

and finally Maps…

Map 1

Map charts

Map charts always show all countries, no matter how many you have selected, but they only show one indicator, obviously.

The choropleth style shows the values related to the intensity of the colour, paler is better. You can hide (and reshow) the values if required. You can zoom in on map areas by dragging over an area.

For indicators where targets and thresholds are known, you can display the values against their target thresholds. Red is worse than the threshold (typically half the target value), amber is between the target and the threshold, green is better than the target.Thresholds are based on the target values. For more information on Target and Threshold values select the option to ‘find out more about the indicator, sources and calculations’, shown in a red banner when selected.

CARMMA African Union

This site is managed by the African Union's Department of Social Affairs




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